Common Fig is a gynodioecious (functionally dioecious) species of flowering plants in the mulberry family (Moraceae Ficus), tropical deciduous tree or large shrub, growing in the torrid zone and the temperate zone. The fig, although commonly referred to as a fruit, is actually the infructescence known as a false fruit in the shape of a bulbous root where at the bottom grows a hollow-ended stem, in which the flowers and seeds are borne: close to the small orifice blossom male flowers while far on the top blossom the females. It also grows sterile flowers, and thereafter the fruit grows seeds, the Blastophaga psenes will enter the fruit and pollinate the flowers.
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